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Controversia sobre la Tradición Rabínica

Hace unos meses una controversia intensa fue encendida en la comunidad judía Mesiánica aquí en Israel. Un líder israelí en la comunidad Mesiánica que apoya el judaísmo Rabinico, envió una invitación a compañeros líderes para juntarse a discutir nuestra relación a las tradiciones rabínicas judías Otro líder contestó a todos los involucrados, con intenso rechazo la misma idea de tener cualquier relación positiva a esta tradición. Usando la terminología de Yeshua, él la llamó "la levadura de los Fariseos" y publicó advertencias muy fuertes. Después de estas comunicaciones intensamente divergentes, una reunión de líderes fue convocada para discutir esta controversia. La discusión fue muy acalorada y mucha gente habló sobre otro. Sin embargo, un cierto progreso fue logrado.

Dos factores primarios alimentan la respuesta tan negativa al judaísmo Rabinico en Israel. Uno, la mentalidad secular de la mayoría de Israelíes; ven a judíos ultra ortodoxos como un movimiento parásito en Israel. Miran al ultra ortodoxo como contra-Sionista. Precisan que muchos son mantenidos por el sistema de bienestar social y no desean trabajar para ganarse la vida, en lugar pasar sus días estudiando en Yeshivas. El movimiento del colono ortodoxo es considerado por muchos como molestia al proceso de la paz y cada vez más militante en sus demandas y comportamiento. En cambio, los judíos ortodoxos modernos desempeñan servicios militares, trabajan y pagan sus impuestos. Y aun, el negativismo a todo esto es absolutamente grande. Dos, la influencia de algunas ramas del cristianismo no tienen una vista positiva de la Torah. Agregue a esto que los judíos religiosos en la tierra nos oponen, y usted consigue un buen cuadro de la situación.

Tikkun y sus ministerios relacionados tienen un acercamiento a la herencia rabínica de nuestra gente que yo creo es provechoso e importante ambos de una perspectiva teológica y de una contribución práctica a la sociedad israelí.

La herencia judía Rabínica es una mezcla

La Biblia nos exhorta a que demos el honor a el cual el honor es debido (ROM. 13:7). Aquellos que nos han dado herencia judía pos bíblica deben ser honrados por todo lo que sea bueno, verdad y hermoso en la herencia de nuestra gente. La mayoría de las culturas tienen tradiciones y prácticas honorables debido a la gracia de Dios dada a toda la gente. Para nosotros como judíos, la herencia judía sale de nuestros padres ancestrales y nuestra relación de convenio delante de Dios como su gente. El rechazamiento al por mayor de lo que es bueno y verdadero en esa herencia es equivalente a un rechazamiento de nuestros antepasados y del convenio. Viola el mandato de honrar padres y a madres; niega la fidelidad y su implicación continuada de Dios con nuestra gente. Cuando pensamos en judaísmo, hacemos bien recordar que el libro tradicional de oración esta lleno de material bíblico. El Sidur afirma repetidas veces que nuestra salvación está solamente debido a la gracia y la misericordia de Dios. Afirma exactamente las promesas de Dios a Israel y para el rescate del mundo. Incluye una gran confesión de fe (el Amidah) basada en las promesas de la Biblia que se remonta a la época de Yeshua.

Hay mucho más de bueno. Hay el recuento maravilloso del Pesaj e incluso una ceremonia que se aflija sobre el sufrimiento de los egipcios. Nuestros niños contestan a cuatro preguntas sobre porqué la noche del Pesaj es diferente de todos los otras las noches. Están los tres matzot (pan ácimo), el romper del matzoh del medio, el matzoh quebrado que es ocultado y vuelto a encontrar después de la cena. Ésta es en toda la probabilidad una memoria de Yeshua, estando roto y ocultado en entierro hasta su resurrección. Hay las prácticas de la boda judía, de traer la novia debajo del pabellón nupcial especial (el chupah) y de los símbolos del convenio de la sangre. Tenemos la alegría de la reunión familiar en Erev Shabbat (tarde de viernes), las comidas festivas y el sentido profundo de entrar en descanso.

Sin embargo, también tenemos que ser honestos y enfocar lo que no sea bueno. Hay leyes rabínicas que contradicen la Escritura, y la multiplicación de las regulaciones basadas en leyes de la pureza del templo. Todos los judíos están unidos para observar estas leyes. Es como si los rabinos desearan traer cada parte de vida bajo cierta clase de control. Hay leyes sobre cómo usted puede limpiar fango en el Sabbath y cómo usted no puede, leyes sobre platos de la leche y de la carne, y muchas más restricciones. Quizás la más preocupante es una comisión profunda a la tradición que rechaza la naturaleza uní-plural de Dios y se opone cualquier idea de la encarnación de Dios en el Mesías. Éstos son solamente algunos ejemplos de los muchos puntos problemáticos encontradas en el judaísmo Rabinico.

Un corazón correcto evalúa correctamente

A veces los que se enamoran de la herencia rabínica terminan defendiendo lo indefendible. Es parte de la tendencia humana de adorarse a si mismo o a su gente; el orgullo asume el control. Nuestra opinión de la herencia rabínica es que debemos discernir - aprobando lo que es bueno y rechazando lo que no es bueno o no de acuerdo con la letra y el espíritu de la Biblia. Además, nuestra adopción de cualquier tradición no ordenada en la Biblia, aunque sea buena, debe ser abrazada tal como seamos conducidos solamente por el espíritu; no hay regla más allá de eso.

Solamente una persona que tiene una mente renovada (con prioridades del corazón en orden) puede evaluar correctamente estas materias, puesto que la evaluación es una función de la persona entera. He viajado a muchos países y he abogado en mi enseñanza que debemos todos entender la centralidad de Yeshua y el poder del espíritu como primordial. Si esto no se establece, no podremos evaluar con juicio maduro. Yeshua debe ser explícitamente central y penetrante en nuestra predicación y nuestra adoración. En Juan 5, Yeshua declara que el padre desea que honremos al Hijo como lo honramos a El. Solamente entonces podemos tener la poderosa presencia de Dios entre nosotros. Debemos enseñar a gente a buscar la presencia del Espíritu y a apropiarse de Su Poder, sin la cual no podemos lograr los trabajos de Dios de amor y de servicio.

Para acentuar esta enseñanza he ideado un acróstico: P.Y.S.T.R. El acróstico representa la prioridad de los énfasis que debemos buscar. Primero, enfatizamos Padre y Yeshua en nuestra adoración y la predicación. Esto está de acuerdo con la expresión piadosa en las Escrituras del Nuevo Pacto y la afirmación constante y penetrante que Yeshua es completamente divinidad y completamente hombre. Entonces acentuamos el Espíritu, sin el cual no tenemos el poder para la obediencia o la capacidad de ampliar el reino de Dios. Los dones y poder del Espíritu son críticos. Entonces esta la Torah - la enseñanza de los caminos de Dios - los mismos mandamientos en si. Ultimo en prioridad es herencia Rabínica, que tiene su lugar apropiado, pero solamente de acuerdo al énfasis relativo del acróstico.

El entendimiento cristiano Post-bíblico es también una fuente para la sabiduría probando que no contradice tampoco la Escritura. Pienso que si guardamos este orden apropiado, veremos una fuerte y vibrante expresión judía de nuestra fe. Acentúo esto otra vez tal como en mi artículo anterior sobre la búsqueda para la autenticidad judía (véase, la restauración de Israel, March '06). ¡Vale la repetición!

Por Daniel Juster


Dan Juster leads the overall ministry Tikkun International. Donate to Tikkun International.

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Comments:
09:21 04Dec08 Leigh Ann Bookhout-Kohne -
Thank you for your article on Rabbinic Tradition. As always, I learn something with each publication. I am a gentile who loves the Jew and Israel and I pray for the peace of Israel who is Yeshua. The Lord bless and protect you as you do His work and will.

09:41 04Dec08 Eliza -
I agree with your conclusions. In addition to Shabbat traditions (not the prohibitions Yeshua objected to but all the good things), there are also traditions associated with Sukkot and the other festivals, as well as beautiful prayers and music. I would add, for the consideration of those attracted to rabbinic Judaism beyond the scope you approve, that Yavne must be taken into account (the threshold event in the 2nd century CE). Those present deliberately reformulated Judaism to survive the loss of the temple and the diaspora, but in doing so they negated the necessity of blood atonement and made it impossible for anyone who proclaimed Yeshua as Messiah to stay in the synagogues. Any fruit that came from that tree is - cannot help but be - poisonous. I concluded this after years of reading and prayerful thought, but am open to correction if you disagree. I consider you to be one of the voices of sane and Yeshua-centered Messianic Judaism in our day, praise God for His Spirit poured upon you.

  -- Dr Juster replies: I would add a few points. There is controversy concerning Yavneh. Did it really occur and ban Messianic Jews via a curse? Recently Daniel Boyarin argued no, and that the story was a reading back in the later Talmud. However, Oskar Skarsaune says yes. Rabbinic Judaism is not just one tree that can only produce good or bad fruit. It is the culture formation ground of the Jewish people and, as such and, as in any human culture, it produces good and bad fruit. One could also say of the Western Church after it officially rejected Israel, that it is a bad tree too, but it is also a mixture with some good fruit and some bad. It is not one simple tree. Discernment by those who walk in the Spirit is ever the key. God has not left any culture without good things that come from him.

10:19 04Dec08 Andre Tavares -
I'm attentive to your opinion about Jewish tradition since I read Jewish Roots but mainly your article "The value of tradition" (available on Hashivenu). As a Social Scientist I'm conscious of tradition's role in culture, but to me Dooyeweerd's explanation of it is amazing! In "In the Twilight of Occidental Thought" he says that to accomplish the cultural mandate we have to develop human culture (then all Creation) and unfold the possibilities (in submitted partnership with G'd, as you say) G'd have gave to us. So, H.D. says that tradition holds and preserves the memory of one people, and it is important to collect and bring together all those cultural material. Nevertheless, it's necessary to develop and freed the spheres, the aspects of life, to differentiation and to reach complexity and fullness. Tradition has, some times, lose control over culture, forbear and give place to history processes of disclosure.
I think that Judaism gathered uncountable quantities of cultural material, building one of (if not the most) incredible living tradition. But it's out of time (delayed) to freed, to separate and classify it's traditon to bless the nations of Earth. Haskala tried to do that and failed much than had success, but German Judaism did what was a urgent need to put Judaism up to date - I'm not saying about "modernization" but about awareness, attention to own time.
But to develop, to do the proper use of our tradition, or other else, it's necessary to be under G-d's rule, will, purpose and Sovereignty in obedience. I think that neither ordinary Judaism or Messianic Judaism are totally in this position.
We, Messianic Jewish, have much influence of free evangelical position about tradition... they are dying for lack of doctrine, memory and history, because rejected all of it. At least here in Brazil, we have some pastors and leaders from "free background" looking for more traditional churches (we have a little but consistent Reformed group of churches, and others are joining Anglicanism) because they are seeing to where "free evangelicalis" is leading them.
And just a question to you: Don't you think that even to understand G-d, Yeshua, the Holy Spirit and Torah, and how to honor and obey them, we need to be informed by a tradition, that is also a vehicle to G-d's had in History?

  -- Dr Juster replies: Few reference Herman Dooyweerd to me. Amazing! I have heard of this book, but mostly reference H. D.'s Critique of Theoretical Thought that sits in my library. I think it is not possible to read without cultural tradition, but this does not make me a relativist, because we transcend our limits in dialogue. H. D. sounds closer to H. R. Niebuhr in your recounting than I would have thought.

10:58 04Dec08 Tom Dolph -
Anyone who knows me will tell you, I have an opinion about EVERYTHING! Not this time. As an "outsider looking", I don't feel I'm in any position to add my 2-cents worth. However, YOUR opinion strikes me as showing more wisdom and balance than anything I've heard or read thus far (including my own private thoughts). I'll support YOUR position on the matter.

14:13 04Dec08 Sean Steckbeck -
That was very good!!!!!! I think we have alot to learn about the value of tradition, especially as messianics, Jewish tradition. Recently, I have just been amazed at the tradition of arts and paintings in the Catholic tradition to tell stories to a people who can't read. As messianics, how much more should we appreciate the covenant meals and the traditions that follow that teach the family the stories and the Word of God by mouth through experience.

15:57 04Dec08 Marla Sternburg -
I lived in Jerusalem for 2 yrs and had very good relationships with many Orthodox Jews. Often they showed more mercy to me than most Christians and Messianics there. I was an Ambassador of Reconciliation - and treated them with Love. They are not paracites - they pray day and night - which has held off much Judgement vs. Israel and helped during Wars and Crises. They do Spiritual Warfare and repent for Israel - in a like manner that we do. It is the same Mitzvot. Most are very charitable and social minded. I have found them to be more obedient to many New Covenant principles - because they are the same as the Old Covenant - whereas the Church - which is zealous - is often lacking in Compassion, kindness, mercy and supporting their own. While they are blinded to the Messiahship of Y'shua - we also forget that we also used to be blinded - and often came from more sinful and disobedient backgrounds than the Orthodox Jews. Reb Y'shua Himself prayed and worshipped The Father/HaShem. That's what they do - and they get the same answers to prayers, miracles and healings! As Romans 11 says - They are blinded in PART - not completely blinded!!!!!!!

16:14 04Dec08 Raymond E. Wiggins Sr. -
Your "acrostic order of priorities" is in keeping with the wisdom of Yeshua when He set the precedence for such cautious observance of "rabbinic tradition" when He testified saying, "The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses' seat, therefore whatever they tell you to observe, that observe and do, but do not do according to their works, for they say, and do not do." (Matthew 23:2,3)
As you well pointed out, there are many "good" things that we can "learn" and "practice" from those who "sit in Moses's seat" in their "rightful place!"

16:28 04Dec08 Simon -
Wise words, yet disappointing for in dealing with the challenges of our time and various mixes of cultures, should we not look first to Scripture?
The Messianic community in Israel and beyond struggles for identity. It is not the gentile church and it is not Judaism. Perhaps it could be be the gentile church with added Judaism? But that is to treat Judaism as a cultural add-on and ignore the foundation of our faith in the Hebrew Tenach and the Jewish Yeshua. Perhaps it could be Judaism with added Yeshua, but Yeshua is no add-on but the centre.
The Messianic community is called to distinct identity for that is its prophetic role from the Tencah and what Paul sought also. That it was submerged for so long, yet now has re-emerged illustrates how high the stakes are.
So, what does Scripture say? In Romans 3 and 9, Paul identifies the Jewish distinctives as having been given the oracles of God, and having belong to us the adoption as sons, the glory, the covenants (plural), the giving of the Law, the temple services, and shared ancestry in the flesh with Yeshua. Quite a list!
The oracles, the adoption, the glory, we can but humbly give away to those who are grafted in with us. The temple services are not for the present. The Law and some of the covenants are in some sense distinctive to us. And the common ancestry in the flesh is necessarily specific to being a Jew.
So, it seems to me this points us toward understanding and helping others understand the foundations in the Hebrew Tenach, and what the covenants and the Law and the temple ceremonies reveal of Yeshua. In this, should we look to mainstream Judaism? As Eliza points out, since Yavne, there has been as deliberate turning away from the very things which signify Him. From the Lord's viewpoint, it is Messianic Judaism which is true Judaism and what calls itself Judaism is heresy. Should what is true measure itself by what is false, can that be our plumbline? Surely not.
We can still look to rabbinical Judaism to understand what holds our people (and perhaps to some extent ourselves), and to be able to dialogue with and understand the culture. We can show where Judaic thinking has found it difficult to avoid the implications of the Messiah. We can draw on what it has carried into the present age of the feasts and traditions. We may find illuminating commentary on Scripture by the sages.
But that does not make rabbinical Judaism part of us, even as the last of a string of letters. And that makes the process of discovering our identity in Yeshua all the more painful and difficult.

  -- Dr Juster replies: There are some good comments here. Well, I do think that our way of life is part of us including. However, in my little list of letters there is much more than can be said in two pages. Some is said in your response; a supplement. However, the letter Y means that we really are attached to Yeshua, to who he is in his cultural context of Jewish life in the first century, as the Jewish Messiah. He is connected indeed to Torah, but He is the living Torah. Torah includes what is described in Romans 9 and all that is distinctly part of us. However, we can not say that the good things of tradition are not part of us too. We have had 36 years of Passover seders. For us and our children, this is part of our lives; centering in Yeshua. All that is in Judaism without Yeshua has to be transformed in Him if it is in keeping with the spirit of the New Covenant.

17:10 04Dec08 Jeffrey Seif -
Bravo Dan! Instead of accepting the polarization between the old guard and the innovative impulses and creative elements within our movement, you respectfully look to move the conversation between both forward. This is why I find you one of our more able theologians.

20:05 04Dec08 Peter Dickson -
You know, I don't always agree with everything you say. But this is a really solid, well thought out article written in humility. I agree with your conclusion that those whose primary focus is God/Y'shua/Spirit and Torah may be able to correctly discern what parts of rabbinic Judaism are worth holding on to. You are the man.

04:09 05Dec08 Even -
Yeshua is Torah (The Word). Those who honour Torah honour Yeshua even if they don't know it. All Jews are commanded to keep the Law always everywhere and if you not being Jewish is grafted upon the Tree should and will you not also pertain of the sap of the Tree which is Torah?

12:00 05Dec08 Calvin E. Kaiser -
Once again, Dr. Rabbi Juster has hit a grand slam.
Succinct, compelling, and comprehensive, a Rauch led piece of literature. My hope is that the reasonable, objective (think no idealogues) thinking, Messianic community is listening.

12:13 05Dec08 Rose-Line Simon -
When you came in to teach a few years ago about this (keep what is good and reject the evil) that was plain and simple and yet it has helped me, to live as a Jew that I am, and also to shine (hopefuly) to those who watch me from "outside". It's not burdensome as some suggest; it's clear, wise and it just makes sense. I love the way you convey your message, you can bring simplicity out of complexity. A true gift to us.

12:19 05Dec08 Rabbi DF Eukel -
First, your heart, head and hands display mature seasoning. You are clear, concise and compelling while walking compassionately. You serve our Messianic community well. Second, both your written work and the comments of the community deserve publication by both audio & visual means - preferably across the Internet for wider dispersion. I would encourage you to invite, much like Dr Michael Brown, representatives of opposing viewpoints who will engage and be engaging. Third, and finally, I am in strong disagreement with your acrostic. It continues the digging in of the heels perspective of those who fail to acknowledge GOD is Echad (not yachad) first, as our first faith foundations fathers clearly understood. Additionally, we must anchor our spirit impressions with The Spirit of GOD's Word first, not fourth, as your acrostic does.

  -- Dr Juster replies: The issue here was not the issue of authority which is of course the Word of God. It was rather what from the emphasis of the Word of God we should emphasize. These emphases arise out of the Word.

14:50 05Dec08 Jonathan Switzer -
This is a classic auto-immune disease problem. Due to the build up of bad toxins in valuable organs, the body's immune system begins to think that the organ itself is the problem and begins to attack the important organ. The problem is not the organ but the poisonous toxins that have built up in the organ. We struggle not against flesh and blood but against principalities and powers and spiritual forces of wickedness in the heavenly realms.

17:36 05Dec08 JG -
Tradition and the role that it plays is a very difficult subject for those hungry for fresh acts of the Ruach. Sadly. Few Holy Spirit focused congregations have enough meaningful tradition in their lives and services while the tradition centered invariably are Spirit-resistant. It is critical that we make room for living manifestation "when we come together" without losing touch with tradition.

18:36 05Dec08 Susan Fiedler -
Wonderfully balanced article and approach. In our small congregation we have a wide range of observance of various customs. As each person follows as he is led by the Spirit, our lives are enriched. Customs that point to Yeshua and deepen our relationship with Him are wonderful. Those that don't should be avoided. However, different customs have different effects on different people at different times of their lives -- which is why freedom in Yeshua to follow as led (but always within the overall framework of scripture) is so important.

21:54 05Dec08 Bruce Kelso -
Lord, grant us the strength of Jane O.'s daughter.

01:42 06Dec08 Dan (not Juster) -
So where does this leave us? Is it wrong to be Torah observant or only if we are extreme or radical in our observance? Knowing that the first commandment is to Love The Lord our G-d with all our heart, strength,mind and spirit, is obeying His Torah loving Him or loving ritual? As messianic Jews are we to be like christians and forsake our traditions? Or hold to our traditions and alienate both christian and Jew alike (Christians who do not keep Torah and Jews because they do not believe we can keep Torah and believe in Yeshua) so what would Yeshua say of all this? Didn't HE keep Torah? Can we keep Torah and Love The Lord and our neighbor at the same time? Wouldn't this be a real witness to all?

  -- Dr Juster replies: The issue is emphasis. We are to abide in the Vine, Yeshua as our number one emphasis. When this is in order, then we are to apply the Torah as is fitting to the New Covenant order. Only abiding in the Vine, Yeshua, and being filled with the Spirit enables us to obey the Torah.

09:42 06Dec08 Marion Carrozza -
I think your article is very good and truthful. I am a gentile and go to a messianic group. I feel that the man is too legalistic. There seems to be no joy in the group. I feel we should be celebrating Yeshua. I also attend The Bridge church, which is part of JP Jackson ministry. I have been to conferences with Dan Justine as speaker for as far back as 1988 while I lived in Brooklyn NY. I've been part of Sid Roths ministry in 1988 in NY so I've been involved in Messanic groups. Been to Israel 3 times. Will be going with Don Finto group as we support the Messianic groups. But as a gentile I find some Messianic groups too severe with the old laws.Yeshua came to give life more abuntantly. I'm a christian 27yrs and before that a Catholic. I understand traditions. We celebrate all the feasts and shabbot. My prayer is that Jew and Gentile truly come together without all this pride business. I see Sid Roth with that kind of love, also Jonathan Burnis, Kurt Landry, Robert Stearns.

  -- Dr Juster replies: The brothers you mention are all old and dear friends. We all emphasize that our focus on Yeshua and the power of his Spirit must be first if we are to apply Torah rightly and not fall into legalism.

11:23 06Dec08 PL Henry -
Excellent (metzuyan!!) article, Dan!! It is so easy to fall into to seeing things as "either or", not as "both and". Thank you for presenting a godly balance to a sensitive topic. Shalom.

05:48 08Dec08 Tibor Ruff -
First of all, sorry for my poor English. I am a new-born, Spirit-filled pastor in Hungary. In main points I agree with your conclusions. I am a Ph. D. of Jewish Studies, I earned it at the Beth HaMidrash (Jewish Theological Seminary) of Budapest. My thesis was: 'The New Testament and the Torah'. My opponents were a leading Jewish philosopher of the greater secular university of Hungary and one of the chief rabbis (age 87), the best Talmudist in our country, and a Christian theologian. They all agreed with me in the main points. I studied the relationship between Jesus, the Twelve and Paul and the written and the oral Torah in details. My final conclusion is: Jesus and His disciples did not reject the whole oral tradition and did not accept the whole oral tradition. Their relationship to it was SELECTIVE, CRITICAL and CREATIVE. This was usual in their time, because Judaism was a PLURALISTIC world before the Churban. There was no NORMATIVE JUDAISM then. Normative Judaism begun only in the galut, because of the losing of the spiritual centre: Jerusalem, the Temple and the High Priest with the Sanhedrin. What measure is a qav, a hin, a cubit? We know all those only from the ancient halachas. Jesus never questioned those. We know all those only from the ancient halachas. Jesus never questioned those.
What is the canon of the Tanach, which books does it contain? We know this only from oral tradition (not one of the books in the Bible contains a list of the canon). Jesus never questioned this. Which one is the authoritative text of the Tanach (Septuagint differs in many points for example)? We know this only from the masoretic tradition. Which is the right calendar (written Torah does not solve the problem of the delay between the lunar and solar year)? About all those unsolveable problems the written Torah itself gives the authority to the High Priest and the judges of the Temple (Deut 17:8-13) to decide and punishes with death who is unobedient to their decision. Jesus agrees with this (of course, this is the written Torah itself!) even if the Priests and the Sanhedrin are fully corrupt (Matthew 23:2-4), as they really were. This was the main, very, very deep, hard and serious moral and social problem of the Jewish society in His time for every honest and obedient Jew. After the Churban, Sanhedrin lost this great legal authority, because in the Torah it is explicitly connected to the Temple. The Sanhedrin of Yavne or Tverya doesn't have so great authority. And so on. The rabbinic tradition has very many levels. There are ancient halachas; the decisions of the High Priests and the Sanhedrins of hundreds of years before the churban; the decisions of the Sanhedrins and local authorities after the Churban; there are later halachas; some of them made by simple rational conclusions; or simple local or general customs; takkanot of rabbis of all times; and infinite number of sheelot utshuvot and aggadot, and different opinions about everything. All these are the oral Torah. ALL THESE LEVELS HAVE DIFFERENT AUTHORITY. For example, if somebody denies the canon or the right text of the Tanach - it's a great sin and false teaching, even if he is a Gentile Christan! If a Jewish Messianic believer goes to an excursion with his family by car on Sabbath - this is his opinion about the topic, no problem, I think.
SO IF SOMEBODY WANTS TO SAY SOMETHING SERIOUSLY ABOUT THESE MATTERS HAS TO THINK IT THROUGH VERY CAREFULLY AND DEEPLY BEFORE SAYING ANYTHING. THIS IS WHAT I REALLY WANTED TO SAY. THESE ARE REALLY ACTUAL AND IMPORTANT QUESTIONS TO JEWISH MESSIANIC BELIEVERS IF THEY REALLY WANT TO BE A LIVING PART OF THE BODY OF THEIR HOLY NATION AND IN THE SAME TIME TO LIVE FULLY IN MESSIAH YESHUA AND THE HOLY SPIRIT. A WONDERFUL, HAPPY LIFE!

  -- Dr Juster replies: I think you have a very good grasp here. I would only add that while the Rabbinic tradition is largely post Temple as you say, it did begin in the land of Israel after the destruction of the Temple.

08:47 08Dec08 Mary Drakeforrd -
I was most impressed with this article. I agree with everything stated. I liked the acrostic because it is so true. We must first acknowledge the Father and Jesus. The spirit is sent out to us then. It is written we can't get to the Father without first going through the Son. Once we do that the Holy Spirit will be sent to us. The Holy spirit represents the Father and Son. In other words we have the complete Godhead working through and in our lives. This is the best thing that has ever happened to be. Everything Christ said in HIS word is true for those who truly believe. HE will give us power to become a witness for HIM.

18:30 08Dec08 Moshe Liebschutz -
I am a Jew who is perplexed at how Messianic Judaism should instruct the goyim to keep from being a stumbling block to his Jewish brother who is in fact called to keep the Mitzvot. Currently, most gentiles act as if halachic concerns are for the Jew only and, therefore, do not weigh in much as how they should act when both are together, i.e. showing little reverence or minimal regard for the Shabbat which I am called to uphold for my family. Why is there such a vacuum in this regard?

  -- Dr Juster replies: Although the early Church rejected Marcion who rejected the Hebrew Bible, the Church has always been confused as to the application of Torah. The early Rabbis understood that the Torah applied to Jews and Gentiles but in a different way. There were commands for Jews and universal commands for all. All are to take the Torah seriously and seek to apply it in the New Covenant order. If this were done, Christians would understood that they are called to encourage Jews to be loyal to their Jewish life and calling.


Also in this issue of the newsletter:

Marty Shoub: Yom Kippur in Kilimanjaro
Revive Israel Updates